The capability to discern slight distinctions in tones of gray has long been regarded as an attribute of the individual visual system that cannot be improved. But Daphne Bavelier, professor of brain and cognitive sciences at the University of Rochester, has discovered that very practiced actions gamers become 58 % better at perceiving great differences in contrast. Normally, improving contrast sensitivity means getting glasses or eye surgery-somehow changing the optics of the optical eye, says Bavelier. But we’ve found that action video games train the brain to process the prevailing visual information more efficiently, and the improvements last for weeks after game play stopped. The getting builds on Bavelier’s past work that has shown that action video games decrease visual crowding and increases visual attention.Gain access to has focused its Cobalamin product development program on the oral delivery of insulin and hgh, two peptides that currently can only get by injection. Since presenting promising results at a major conference in mid-2008, Access has made significant improvements to the formulation technology. A new Cobalamin-coated insulin-containing nanoparticle formulation delivered orally provided a pharmacological response comparative to higher than 80 percent of that achieved by insulin shipped subcutaneously.